Introduction to Archival Organization and Description: Access to Cultural Heritage (
Getty - Information Institute
Includes a discussion about the application of documentation and about the use of standards.

OAIS - Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (
NASA, Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS)
original request 1995
conceptual framework for a complete, generic archival system, with a specific focux on long-term preservation

specifically: CCSDS-650.0-R-2 (PDF) (
local copy

Cedars (
Consortium of University Research Libraries (CURL) - universities of Leeds, Oxford and Cambridge
The Cedars Project is a Higher Education initiative funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee. It officially began on the 1st April 1998. The funding was awarded to the Consortium of University Research Libraries (CURL) and the work is carried out on behalf of CURL by three CURL institutions - Leeds, Oxford and Cambridge.
    Cedars stands for "CURL exemplars in digital archives" and the main objective of the project is to address strategic, methodological and practical issues and provide guidance in best practice for digital preservation. It will do this by work on two levels - through practical demonstrator projects which will provide concrete practical experience in preserving digital resources and through strategic working groups based on broad concepts or concerns which will articulate preferences and make recommendations of benefit to the wider community. The main deliverables of the project will be recommendations and guidelines as well as practical robust and scaleable models for establishing distributed digital archives.

other Documents: Review of metadata for digital preservation (

universities of Michigan (USA) and Leeds (UK)
Creative Archiving at Michigan and Leeds: Emulating the Old on the New.
    The CAMiLEON Project will evaluate emulation as a digital preservation strategy by developing emulation tools, cost-benefit analysis and user evaluation. The project is a joint undertaking between the universities of Michigan (USA) and Leeds (UK) and is funded by JISC and NSF.

Project Prism (
Cornell University
Project Prism at Cornell University is a four-year effort to investigate and develop the policies and mechanisms needed for information integrity in distributed digital libraries. The project focuses on the following areas:
    * Preservation - long term survivability of information in digital form.
    * Reliability - predictable availability of information resources and services.
    * Interoperability - open standards that allow widest sharing of information among providers and users.
    * Security - attention to both the privacy rights of users of information and the intellectual property rights of content creators.
    * Metadata -structured information that makes it possible to ensure information integrity in digital libraries.

USA, California, Stanford University
LOCKSS (Lots Of Copies Keep Stuff Safe) is a system prototype to preserve access to scientific journals published on the Web. LOCKSS models how libraries provide access to paper content by allowing individual libraries to safeguard their communities access to Web content. The system ensures that hyperlinks continue to resolve and appropriate content is delivered, even when in the Internet the links don't work and content is no longer available. Libraries running LOCKSS cooperate to detect and repair preservation failures. The project is funded by the Mellon Foundation, the National Science Foundation, Sun Microsystems, Inc., and Stanford University.

Arches (
Research Libraries Group (RLG)
Arches-Archival Server and Test Bed: The name "Arches" is a concatenation of the term archival server, suggesting the bridges between various forms of metadata and the whole information objects they describe. It also is intended to reflect a number of doorways into the research resources made available by RLG.
    In 1996, RLG launched a variety of efforts to build the conceptual and physical infrastructure to contain information in digital form, provide tools for meaningful access, and ensure long-term availability to the information and the means to access it. The Arches project focused on an online repository for digital resources of all types and the software environment that makes this repository internationally accessible and responsibly maintainable.

InterPARES (
University of British Columbia
The InterPARES Project (International Research on Permanent Authentic Records in Electronic Systems) is a major international research initiative in which archival scholars, computer engineering scholars, national archival institutions and private industry representatives are collaborating to develop the theoretical and methodological knowledge required for the permanent preservation of authentic records created in electronic systems.

A Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections (
local copy

Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS)

JSTOR - the scholarly journal archive (
In the broadest sense, JSTOR's mission is to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in information technologies. In pursuing this mission, JSTOR has adopted a system-wide perspective, taking into account the sometimes conflicting needs of libraries, publishers, and scholars.
    JSTOR's goals include the following:
    * To build a reliable and comprehensive archive of important scholarly journal literature
    * To improve dramatically access to these journals
    * To help fill gaps in existing library collections of journal backfiles
    * To address preservation issues such as mutilated pages and long-term deterioration of paper copy
    * To reduce long-term capital and operating costs of libraries associated with the storage and care of journal collections
    * To assist scholarly associations and publishers in making the transition to electronic modes of publication
    * To study the impact of providing electronic access on the use of these scholarly materials.

local copy

Tod Shacklett
16 April 2001
Integration of various formats into collections in Libraries and Information Centers.
    Also has an interesting reference to statistics about document life-time.

National Standards, Metadata (
Publication of Archival Library + Museum Materials

Victorian Electronic Records Strategy (
Australia Victoria
The Victorian Electronic Records Strategy has been developed by the Victorian government to preserve the electronic records of the state for the long term. The Strategy is auspiced by Public Record Office Victoria (PROV). PROV is the state's archival authority and has the function of managing Victorian government records (via standard setting and provision of archival services) and preserving the state's heritage.

Stefan Katzenbeisser - Digital Watermarking (
Stefan Katzenbeisser
Technical University, Wien
Austria, Vienna
Provides a rich source concerning Digital Watermarking Techniques.

Open Archives Initiative (